Human rights and social
activities. Numerous connections of IPA with medical,
humanitarian and human rights societies, religious organizations
of different confessions, societies of relatives of mentally ill
persons, various state structures and mass media have been
assisting the return of public trust to psychiatry and
psychiatrists and the formation of civic society. The
representatives of the IPA often appear on TV and contribute
their articles to the press and radio. In general IPA has close
contacts with the mass media and in its human rights activities
advocates protection of democratic values.
Expert examination activities.
>From its very foundation IPA has maintained an independent
psychiatric expert examination, which was the first and,
still, the sole such institution in Russia. The IPA Commission of
Experts includes three psychiatrists, a psychologist and
obligatorily a lawyer that ensures the possibility to give
differentiated practical recommendations and makes the expert
examination the first stage of rehabilitation. The members of the
Commission can represent the interests of citizens in court.
Annually about 200 persons are examined by the Commission of
Experts and over 500 persons attend public reception hours.
Meanwhile, it has been established as an usual practice to
include IPA experts into the expert commissions of state bodies,
in part for forensic psychiatric examination in Moscow and in
other cities. There are already some precedents of IPA's being
entrusted by courts to hold forensic psychiatric expert
examination. In this way different models of independent expert
examination have been created. And its essence, in the long run,
consists of competitiveness of expertise in court.
Law making activities. IPA
actively contributed to the new Russian psychiatric legislation,
their members comprised 1/3 of the Parliament Commission on
drafting the Law on Psychiatric Care, the first one for Russia.
>From the very beginning IPA has been advocating insurance of
guarantees for observation of the Law and is continuing to work
out a number of other laws. A convention for involuntary
treatment of mentally ill persons, drafted by IPA lawyer Yulia
Algunova, has been accepted as the intergovernmental document by
Control activities. IPA
makes regular inspection trips to various psychiatric
establishments of Russia, first of all to mental hospitals for
patients with a criminal record. In this field of activities IPA
has to struggle constantly with traditions of confidentiality and
the illegitimate placing of data on secret lists not only in the
Ministry of Health, but especially in the Federal
Counterintelligence Service, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and
the Ministry of Justice. The IPA commissions have been repeatedly
visiting Chernyakhovsk,Orel, Smolensk, Kazan and St. Petersburg
mental hospitals for patients with criminal record, as well as
Ryazan, Kaliningrad, Yaroslavl, Voronezh, Ekaterinburg and many
other mental hospitals, out-patient centers and clinics for
chronic invalids in Moscow and Moscow region. The criteria for
possible monitoring observation of the Declaration of Human
Rights and the Law on Psychiatric Care in psychiatric
establishments of different type are being worked out.
activities. The IPA rehabilitation program is a pioneering
attempt to make the lawyer and social worker play the key role in
the resocialization process. IPA initiated the creation of the
profession of social worker in psychiatry in Russia. The
theoretical basis of the rehabilitation program is the product of
its own original conception. Apart from strictly professional
approaches, the program envisages the collaboration with
religious and charitable organizations, Waldorf curative pedagogy
and different psychotherapeutic societies and associations of
relatives of mentally ill persons.
In accordance with new priorities, which have been worked out by
IPA, its members are engaged in scientific work which is being
covered in publications and reports at symposia, conferences and
educational seminars. The core of these works is the
consolidation of the new general scientific paradigm in
IPA has elaborated and regularly held weekly educational seminars.
The IPA educational work is particularly focused on three topics,
the ignoring of which served as a professional ground for
- the phenomenological method as the basis for psychiatric
- criteria of the psychotic level for different syndromes;
- legal regulation of psychiatry.
The primary target of the program is the professor of
psychiatry in an institution of continuing education - the key
figure for spreading new knowledge in our medicine.
IPA is also carrying out educational programs for lawyers,
teachers for training medium level personnel and social workers.
Since 1992 ten programs have been organized, many of them with
foreign participation. 9 visiting seminars in different cities of
Russia have been held. In 1998 the IPA elaborated a program for
preparing specialists in the field of social psychiatry, social
rehabilitation and sociotherapy.
The publishing activities of IPA includes:
- Independent Psychiatric Joutnal (quarterly, 3000 copies,
since 1991) with supplements;
- IPA Informational bulletin (bimonthly, 1000 copies, 1995-1996),
- Collection «The ways of Russian psychiatry renewal»(year-book,
3000 copies, since 1992; two issues are available),
- "IPA Library" (irregular) within the framework
of which the most outstanding works of world psychiatry
are to be published. The first issues of the "Library"
- E.Bleuler - "Manual Psychiatry" (25000 copies),
"The RF LAW on Psychiatric Care and Guarantees of
Citizens' Rights in Its Provision" (50000 copies), K.Jaspers
- "Philosophical autobiography" (5000 copies).